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:: Volume 17, Issue 64 (spring 2021) ::
Andishe-Novin-E-Dini 2021, 17(64): 7-26 Back to browse issues page
A Critical Study of the Theory of Tafkik and Rational Proofs for Materiality of Human Soul (With an Emphasis on Mojtaba Qazvini)
Ali Qadrdan Qaramaleki *1, Gholamhosein Gerami, Hasan Panahi Azad
Abstract:   (457 Views)
One of the important issues of philosophical psychology is that of immateriality or materiality of human soul. Philosophers and rational theologians defend of immateriality; yet narrative theologians and the followers of the Tafkikist view defend its materiality. Those of Tafkik, presenting the theory of "materiality of the soul as being a subtle body" have viewed in the field. They have used various rational arguments to prove their view. In this research, by a library-based method and by studying the works the Tafkikists, some evidences can be achieved and after analyzing the evidences, they can be put into two categories: one is "positive proofs" with different types of "the soul`s being different with science and reason", "connection with the spirits of the past" and "difference between the effects of the soul and those of the immaterial beings" and the other is "negative proofs" with the types of "perception of universal and simple beings by the soul", "intuitive knowledge of the soul to itself", "lack of the soul`s perception in sometimes" and "the soul`s being needless of material means". Reflecting on these arguments, it would be clear that they lack sufficient strength to prove the Tafkikist' claim; moreover, each of the proofs may be taken as being opposed with several criticisms.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/10/13 | Accepted: 2020/04/13 | ePublished ahead of print: 2021/01/27 | Published: 2021/07/14 | ePublished: 2021/07/14
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Qadrdan Qaramaleki A, Gerami G, Panahi Azad H. A Critical Study of the Theory of Tafkik and Rational Proofs for Materiality of Human Soul (With an Emphasis on Mojtaba Qazvini). Andishe-Novin-E-Dini. 2021; 17 (64) :7-26
URL: http://andishe.maaref.ac.ir/article-1-1487-en.html

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Volume 17, Issue 64 (spring 2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی اندیشه نوین دینی A Research Quarterly in Islamic Theology (kalam) and Religious Studies
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