:: Volume 18, Issue 71 (winter 2022) ::
2022, 18(71): 177-196 Back to browse issues page
Evolution and Smart Designing; A Study of Richard Dawkins and Anthony Flew's Views on the Design Argument
Mohammad Sadiq Ahmadi1 , Enshaallah Rahmati 2, Babak Abbasi3
1- Phd student of philosophy, Islamic Azad University, Research and Sciences Branch, sadeq.ahmadi@gmail.com
2- Professor of Islamic philosophy, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, n.sophia1388@gmail.com
3- Assistan professor of philosophy, Islamic Azad University, Research and Sciences Branch, . babbassi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (552 Views)
On the one hand, scientific advances have brought new challenges and many criticisms to the design argument, and on the other hand, it has become a turning point in presenting new readings and interpretations of the argument. Richard Dawkins came to the view that scientific findings have always opened the way for a naturalistic explanation of natural order. On the other hand, Anthony Flew also came to the belief that new scientific developments have strengthened the result of the design argument. Using a descriptive-analytical method and relying on the principle of "designed state of nature", The present article has evaluated Flew and Dawkins' arguments. The main problem of the research is that the best explanation for the orderliness of existence is "evolution" and "natural selection" or "intelligent designer"? The result of the research indicates that the explanation of the origin of order on the course of evolution faces many scientific and theological challenges, and Flew's collective reasoning will lead to a conclusion based on probabilities in a way that is rational and worthy of consideration, although a rational argument, though not being in logical deductive form. And also this research shows that it is possible to have an approach to theology from empirical sciences without using ambiguous philosophical principles and concepts.
Keywords: Design Argument, Evolution, Smart Design, Natural Selection, Designed State of Nature.
Full-Text [PDF 294 kb]   (184 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: کلام جدید
Received: 2021/09/29 | Accepted: 2022/04/17 | Published: 2023/02/25 | ePublished: 2023/02/25


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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 18, Issue 71 (winter 2022) Back to browse issues page