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:: Volume 18, Issue 71 (winter 2022) ::
2022, 18(71): 7-28 Back to browse issues page
Expressions on the Proof of the Possibility of the Existence of God in Western Thought; Process, Methods, distinctions and Epistemological Validity
Mohammad Hosseinzadeh Yazdi
Professor, Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute, hosseinzade@iki.ac.ir
Abstract:   (602 Views)
In Western thinking, one of the most important proofs of God's existence is reasoning through possibility and necessity. Analyzing the process of its various expressions, the characteristics of each of those expressions and their distinctions, as well as evaluating their cognitive validity and achieving a criterion or a solution for evaluation, is the motivation of the current research. The result of this research is that all expressions have been presented in two ways or with two approaches: 1. Expressions through causality or causal explanation; 2. Expressions through description and explanation or non-causal explanations. On the other hand, by examining Aquinas's and Locke's expositions, which are examples of causal explanations, we are led to the conclusion that those expositions are either reasoning through occurrence or reasoning through non-causal explanation, not reasoning through possibility and necessity, nor reasoning based on causal explanation. Therefore, their epistemological validity is under question. On the other hand, Leibniz's argument and other explanations through non-causal explanation fail to carry epistemological validity, and it is not possible to achieve certain knowledge, even based on the correct assumption.
Keywords: Argument of Possibility, Causal Explanation, Principle of Sufficient Reason, Reasoning through Causality, Epistemological Validity, Reasoning through Occurrence, Non-Causal Explanation
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: کلام قدیم
Received: 2022/09/7 | Accepted: 2022/10/22 | Published: 2023/02/25 | ePublished: 2023/02/25
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Hosseinzadeh Yazdi M. Expressions on the Proof of the Possibility of the Existence of God in Western Thought; Process, Methods, distinctions and Epistemological Validity. ANDISHE-NOVIN-E-DINI A Quarterly Research 2022; 18 (71) :7-28
URL: http://andishe.maaref.ac.ir/article-1-2268-en.html


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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 18, Issue 71 (winter 2022) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی اندیشه نوین دینی A Research Quarterly in Islamic Theology (kalam) and Religious Studies
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